There are many and all valid ways to manage a human team. Let’s see some of these leadership models.
The autocratic leadership
It is an authoritarian leadership style in which the leader maintain latent his power over the people who are in charge. Under this leadership model, some workers may be suspicious of this system although they may have more advantages than disadvantages.
The bureaucratic leadership
This style is based on the rules. All the premises must be met rigorously to comply with the established plan. The main advantage of this model is its ability to minimize risks in all senses.
Energy and vitality are the main hallmarks of this model, which generates enthusiasm in the team's components. However, this type of leaders believe more in themselves than in their "subordinates" and this can generate conflict situations. It is a model very dependent on the figure of the leader.
All team members have the opportunity to contribute to the decision-making process. However, the leader is the one who makes the final decision. It is a useful way to encourage the development of skills of team members and keep them motivated and satisfied.
These types of leaders leave their team members work on their own. This model is effective with workers with initiative and experience. Otherwise, it would mean some risk.
Leadership oriented to people / relationships
It is a participatory style in which the leader provides organization and support, apart from contributing to the development of the skills of the people on his team. This model empowers the members of the team and encourages their "creative participation".
It is a leader who does not define himself or is perceived as a leader. It is a democratic way, their members have an active participation in decision making. The leader is at the service of the team. Encourages the values of people.
Task- oriented Leadership
The objective of these leaders is to ensure and contrast that the work ordered has been carried out and has met expectations. It is a very methodical system in which the organization, planning and control is prioritized over the motivation of the team members.
In this model, the team members commit themselves to obey the figure of the leader when carrying out tasks. He must respond to him when something does not develop as established. It focuses on the fulfillment of short-term objectives.
The transformational leader is an inspiring figure among the members of his team and transmits their energy and enthusiasm, but also, needs to feel appreciated and valued by the people in his charge.
There is no one better than another, they are just different. What differentiates a good leader from another is their ability to adapt to the members of their team and identify the model that best fits with them, extract their best performance and their greater motivation and fullness.